General Conditions of Carriage and Tariffs

Notice to Air Canada passengers:
This page contains Air Canada's Tariffs and General Conditions of Carriage

General Conditions of Carriage
The General Conditions of Carriage provide information on certain conditions that govern transportation on Air Canada, e.g. check-in and boarding gate deadlines, overbooking notice, notice of baggage liability limitations and conditions of contract.


An air carrier's tariff is a document that contains its published fares, charges and related terms and conditions of carriage applicable to air services.

Air Canada is required by law to publish its domestic terms and conditions of carriage on this website and to make its domestic tariffs available for public inspection.

You may consult our domestic tariffs as well as other applicable tariffs filed, where required, with the appropriate authorities, by clicking on the appropriate links below.

Domestic Tariff Open PDF file *
(for travel within Canada)

International Tariff Open PDF file *
(for travel between Canada and a foreign country/region)

Carrier Surcharge Open PDF file

* Tariffs are subject to change without notice.

General Conditions of Carriage


  1. You must obtain your boarding pass and check in any baggage by the Check-in Deadline shown below.

    Additionally, you must be available for boarding at the boarding gate by the Boarding Gate Deadline shown below. Failure to respect Check-in and Boarding Gate Deadlines may result in the reassignment of any pre-reserved seats, the cancellation of reservations, and/or ineligibility for denied boarding compensation.

Itinerary When you
should check in
Check-in /
baggage drop-off ends
Boarding gate closes
Within Canada 90 minutes 45 minutes 15 minutes
To/From the US 120 minutes 60 minutes 15 minutes
(including Mexico and the Caribbean)
120 minutes 60 minutes 15 minutes
From Algiers (Algeria), Casablanca (Morocco) and Tel Aviv (Israel) 180 minutes 60 minutes 30 minutes

    Exception: 20 minutes for flights departing from Toronto City Airport (YTZ).

  1. Although reconfirmation of flights is not required, we strongly recommend that you check your flight status online at or by calling our flight information system at 1-888-422-7533 prior to your departure.
  2. Advance seat assignments are not guaranteed and may change without notice. If your pre-assigned seat is unavailable, we will try to accommodate you in a comparable seat in the same class of service and will refund any applicable fees.
  3. Any travel credit banked for unused tickets is non-transferable: when the credit is redeemed, it must be used by the same person whose name appears on the original ticket.
  4. Air Canada will cancel any purchased ticket and provide a full refund without penalty up to 24 hours after purchase. Beyond 24 hours, voluntary changes to your itinerary may require the payment of additional fees and fare upgrades. If you are travelling on a non refundable ticket, Air Canada will be unable to make exceptions in the event of an unexpected trip cancellation or medical emergency. We recommend the purchase of travel insurance.
  5. Checked baggage policy
    Passengers travelling with Air Canada, Air Canada Rouge and Air Canada Express are entitled to a free checked baggage allowance, depending on destination and/or fare purchased. When the number, weight and/or overall dimensions (length + width + height) of your checked baggage exceed the limits of your free checked baggage allowance, additional checked baggage charges will apply.

    Ensure your checked bags are properly identified.

    Please do not pack valuables in your checked baggage. Excess valuation may be declared on certain types of articles. Special rules apply to fragile, valuable or perishable articles. Learn more about checked baggage restrictions.
  Maximum Overall Measurement
(Length + Width + Height)
Maximum Weight
Economy Class
(view complete baggage allowance)
158 cm
62 in
23 kg
50 lb
Business Class
Up to 3 bags
158 cm
62 in
32 kg
70 lb

Bags exceeding 32 kg (70 lb) in weight, 292 cm (115 in) in linear dimensions (length + width + height, wheels & handles included) or 203 cm (80 in) in length will not be accepted as checked baggage. Please contact Air Canada Cargo Opens in New Window for handling.

If more than one carrier is providing the transportation for your journey, each carrier may apply different rules on baggage (both checked and carry-on baggage).


  1. Carry-on baggage policy
    Oversized carry-on bags are not permitted on our aircraft, and may cause flight delays for all passengers. Please ensure your carry-on bags are inside the maximum allowed size as indicated below; they are required to fit in the double-size verification device at check-in or boarding time.

    You may carry on board items which fall within the 2-piece carry-on baggage allowance, as follows:
    1. One (1) carry-on bag or suitcase (wheels and handles includes in the size) and
    2. One (1) personal article like a briefcase, laptop computer, diaper bag, camera case, cartons or other similar item.

  Standard article Personal article
Maximum size 23 cm x 40 cm x 55 cm (9 in x 15.5 in x 21.5 in)
Wheels and handles included.
16 x 33 x 43 cm
(6 in x 13 in x 17 in)
Maximum weight Your carry-on baggage must be light enough that you can store it in the overhead bin unassisted.

Learn more about carry-on baggage restrictions.

It is recommended that documents and medication be packed in your carry-on baggage. All prescription medications must be properly labelled with the names of the patient, the medication, and the issuing medical office or pharmacy.

  1. Dangerous goods
    For safety reasons, dangerous goods must not be packed in checked or carry-on baggage, except as specifically permitted. Dangerous goods include, but are not limited to: compressed gases, corrosives, explosives, flammable liquids and solids, radioactive materials, oxidizing materials, poisons, infectious substances, and briefcases with installed alarm devices. For security reasons, other restrictions may apply. Please refer to the Restricted and prohibited items page for more information.
  2. Subject to the provisions of the Montreal Convention and the Warsaw Convention, as well as the provisions of its applicable tariffs, Air Canada may refuse carriage of property in checked luggage that is not suitable for transportation, such as fragile or perishable items and may refuse to carry valuable items (a valuable is deemed to be any item whose value is $ 1,000 CAD or more, per Kilogram or $1 CAD per gram).  Air Canada may refuse claims based on the inherent nature of an item (e.g. its perishable nature), or for loss or delay of unsuitably or inadequately packed items, to the extent that the destruction, loss or damages resulted from the inherent defect, quality or vice of the baggage, or, in the case of delay, that the carrier, its agents, and servants took all measures that could reasonably be required to avoid the damage, or that it was impossible to take such measures.
  3. International travel
    Governments may require your carrier to provide information on or permit access to passenger data. You cannot travel if you do not have all required travel documents, such as a passport and visa (where applicable), to enter in or transit through each country on your itinerary. For additional information, please refer to the Travel Documents page.
  4. In-flight health
    Most people are fit to travel by air, but special attention is required for passengers whose health problems may be exacerbated by altitude, travel stress, hypoxia and other travel related difficulties. View important health tips and information for customers with special needs who may require medical approval before flying.
    Please also note that aircraft disinsection is carried out on certain routes, in compliance with the requirements of the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Civil Aviation Organization, Transport Canada and applicable foreign regulatory authorities.
  5. Schedules and timetables
    Time and aircraft type shown in timetables or elsewhere are approximate and not guaranteed, and form no part of the contract. Schedules are subject to change without notice and carrier assumes no responsibility for passenger making connections not included as part of the itinerary set out in the ticket. Carrier is not responsible for changes, errors or omissions either in timetables or other representations of schedules.




NOTICE of Liability Limitations

The Montreal Convention or the Warsaw Convention system may be applicable to your journey and these Conventions govern and may limit the liability of air carriers for death or bodily injury, for loss of or damage to baggage, and for delay.

Where the Montreal Convention applies, the limits of liability are as follows:

  1. There are no financial limits in respect of death or bodily injury.
  2. In respect of destruction, loss of, or damage or delay to baggage, 1,131 Special Drawing Rights (approximately EUR 1,357; US $1,663) per passenger in most cases.
  3. For damage occasioned by delay to your journey, 4,694 Special Drawing Rights (approximately EUR 5,655; US $6,786) per passenger in most cases

Where the Warsaw Convention system applies, the following limits of liability may apply:

  1. 16,600 Special Drawing Rights (approximately EUR 20,000; US $20,000) in respect of death or bodily injury if the Hague Protocol to the Convention applies, or 8,300 Special Drawing Rights (approximately EUR 10,000; US $10,000) if only the Warsaw Convention applies. Many carriers have voluntarily waived these limits in their entirety, and US regulations require that, for journeys to, from or with an agreed stopping place in the US, the limit may not be less than US $75,000.
  2. 17 Special Drawing Rights (approximately EUR 20; US $20) per kg for loss of or damage or delay to checked baggage and 332 Special Drawing Rights (approximately EUR 400; US $400) for unchecked baggage.
  3. The carrier may also be liable for damage occasioned by delay.

Where neither the Montreal Convention nor the Warsaw Convention system applies: For travel wholly between points in Canada, the liability limit for loss or delay of, or damage to baggage is $1,500 CAD per passenger.

Further information may be obtained from Air Canada as to the limits applicable to your journey. If your journey involves carriage by different carriers, you should contact each carrier for information on the applicable limits of liability.

Regardless of which Convention applies to your journey, you may benefit from a higher limit of liability for loss of, damage or delay to baggage by making at check-in a special declaration of the value of your baggage and paying any supplementary fee that may apply. Alternatively, if the value of your baggage exceeds the applicable limit of liability, you should fully insure it before you travel.

Time limit for action: Any action in court to claim damages must be brought within two years from the date of arrival of the aircraft, or from the date on which the aircraft ought to have arrived. Baggage claims: Written notice to the carrier must be made within 7 days of the receipt of checked baggage in the case of damage, and, in the case of delay, within 21 days from the date on which it was placed at the disposal of the passenger.
Notice of Contract Terms Incorporated by Reference

  1. Your contract of carriage with the carrier that provides you with carriage by air, whether international, domestic or a domestic portion of an international journey is subject to this notice; to any notice or receipt of the carrier; and to the carrier's individual terms and conditions (Conditions), related rules, regulations and policies (Regulations) and any applicable tariffs.
  2. If your carriage is by more than one carrier, different Conditions, Regulations and any applicable tariffs may apply for each carrier.
  3. The Conditions, Regulations and any applicable tariffs of each carrier are, by this notice, incorporated by reference into and made part of your contract of carriage.
  4. The Conditions may include, but are not restricted to:
    • Conditions and limits on the carrier's liability for the bodily injury or death of passengers.
    • Conditions and limits on the carrier's liability for the loss of, damage to or delay of goods and baggage, including fragile or perishable goods.
    • Rules for declaring a higher value for baggage and for paying any supplementary fee that may apply.
    • Application of the carrier's Conditions and limits of liability to the acts of the carrier's agents, servants and representatives, including any person providing either equipment or services to the carrier.
    • Claims restrictions, including time limits by which passengers must file claims or bring actions against the carrier.
    • Rules about reconfirmations or reservations; check in times; the use, duration and validity of air transportation services; and the carrier's right to refuse carriage.
    • Rights of the carrier and limits on the carrier's liability for delay or failure to perform a service, including schedule changes, substitution of alternative carriers or aircraft and re-routing, and, when required by applicable law, the obligation of the carrier to notify passengers of the identity of the operating carrier or substituted aircraft.
    • Rights of the carrier to refuse carriage to passengers who fail to comply with applicable laws or who fail to present all necessary travel documents.
  5. You can obtain more information about your contract of carriage, and find out how to request a copy, at places where transportation on the carrier is sold. Many carriers also have this information on their websites. When required by applicable law, you have the right to inspect the full text of your contract of carriage at the carrier's airport and sales offices, and upon request, to receive a copy by mail or other delivery service from each carrier free of charge.
  6. If a carrier sells air transportation services or checks baggage specifying carriage on another carrier, it does so only as agent for the other carrier.


Airline flights may be overbooked, and there is a slight chance that a seat will not be available on a flight for which a person has a confirmed reservation. If the flight is overbooked, no one will be denied a seat until airline personnel first ask for volunteers willing to give up their reservation in exchange for a payment of the airline's choosing. If there are not enough volunteers, the airline will deny boarding to other persons in accordance with its particular boarding priority. With few exceptions, persons denied boarding involuntarily are entitled to compensation. The complete rules for the payment of compensation and boarding priorities are available at all airport ticket counters and boarding locations.